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Once, climate change, the greenhouse effect and so on were not issues that concerned the countries. Yet by the '80s countries' leaders realized that it is crucial to take action to eliminate the threat caused by the rapid changes in the temperature and the quality of the air we breath.
The environment is a growing sector for scholars of international relations who are interested to determine the conditions under which international cooperation can be achieved.
Climate Change, as an issue concerning citizens all over the world, is a matter much more different than any other issue debated among International Circles.Climate change due to the fact that it affects everything in nature and is due to primary human activity, is a huge challenge for international cooperation.
It is known that there is not a single international issue that does not involve the environment and that is one reason why issues concerning the environment are of top priority in G8 and/or G20 meetings.
Unfortunately, it is difficult to predict the exact impact of climate change using only the ongoing climate situation but scientists are certain to believe that the sea level will rise and extreme weather conditions will cause other severe problems to Earth. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia. The atmosphere and ocean have warmed , the amounts of snow and ice have diminished, sea level has risen, and the concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased.
In 1992 the United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change provided for the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases and their elimination from the places of they end up, with the hope that it could be made a start on the commitment of developed nations to cut their emissions to 1990-levels by the year of 2000. Furthermore, the convention obligated the members to convene annual conferences -also known as CoP- in order to examine the progress that has been made about the environment.
Nowadays, the United Nations, NGOs and the majority of the countries are motivated to eliminate the impact of harmful human activity and to educate people even more about the ways that citizens can eliminate the climate change on daily life basis.