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The United States accounts for about 16% of the world's carbon dioxide emissions, while strong economic development made China reach the figure of 29% in a little less than 10 years. China alone burns half of wold's coal, whose smog makes life in largest Chinese cities, such as Beijing, almost unbearable. Situation is so critical that the officials have labeled smog as a major public health risk and the main reason for social unrest. In the photo below, you can see difference between a smoggy day, and a non-smog one in Bejing.
Claims that China isn't doing anything regarding the issue are unfounded as the official government source said in June 2014 (one day after Obama's administration laid out their plan for reducing emissions in their power sector) that by the year 2016, China will be setting an absolute cap on the CO2 emissions. Additional, China is also testing carbon pricing schemes to limit the production of carbon dioxide per producer.
If we take into account that the US and China account for almost 50% of world emissions of greenhouse gasses, we come to a conclusion that only mutual efforts can slow down the global warming effects and give humanity more time to act (as unfortunately, the effects are irreversible now).
In the dated (2007) graphic bellow, you can see the total carbon emissions per country and per capita for all the nations in the world. Although the graphic is more than 7 years old now, it still faithfully represents the current values with some minor changes.