What is considered as democracy?
Is the term that gave its origin equally applicable to the system we know today?
We can start by saying that partly it is not. The Greek democracy, or the government of the people, did not correspond to the current definition of popular government. For example, in ancient Hellas not every inhabitant were considered citizens (with political rights) and most of the population was slave. On the other hand, those who had political rights should assume them as their duty in the agora or in the political arena.
Today, according to the theory of the American political scientist Robert Dahl, we must say that what we call democracy represents an open, inclusive and competitive political system. This system is based on citizen participation and the control of the citizens over the government.
- Free, periodic and competitive election.
- Inclusive vote.
- Right to hold public office.
- Freedom of speech.
- Variety of information sources
Citizens have the right to use different sources of information which do not only exist but are also protected by law.
- Associative autonomy
The citizens, to ensure the defense of their rights and interests, can build organizations and associations relatively independent, including political parties and interest groups.
It’s us, the citizens, the responsibles for strengthening democracy and for including everybody and assuring its benefits for the whole population. Let’s celebrate democracy, but we know it is not enough. The challenge is the inclusion.
It’s us, the citizens, the responsibles for strengthening democracy and for including everybody and assuring its benefits for the whole population.
Let’s celebrate democracy, but we know it is not enough. The challenge is the inclusion.