Since 2009, those who cast their vote for the far-right believe that their parties will preserve their cultural identities and provide solutions to their wows caused by non-EU-immigrants. Unconsciously or not, they are defending a growing chauvinism, Euroscepticism, homophobia, Islamophobia and Xenophobia in the EU. They are advocating for an elitist society, where a superior minority enjoys greater rights while governing the masses, deemed as inferior to them.
The interment of certain populations isn’t a novelty. It has been used in the “Ten Years’ War” (1868-1878) and in the “Cuban War for Independence” (1895-1898). However, it was the “Second Anglo-Boer War” ’s (1899-1902) concentration camps that marked History the most. For the first time, incarnating people as a tool of war became morally acceptable. The barbaric method was the strategy of choice to many authoritarian regimes during the interwar period, which paved the road to Nazi Germany’s Concentration Camps. Mankind’s collective memory hadn’t forgotten, and wounds hadn’t fully healed when the far right attempted its revival in the 1980s; rejected by the masses, globalization was given a chance.
If we really wanted to put an exact date for the recent far-right revival, it must be May 2002. It was in this year that Jean-Marie Le Pen, a veteran of the French far-right and founder of the Front National, managed against all odds to finish second in the first round of the French presidential elections. Meanwhile, the “Pim Fortuyn List”, a right-wing populist party, finished second in the Dutch general election.
The rise of far-right parties is due to two main reasons. Firstly, the nationalist socialist doctrine is partially replaced by a new coherent ideology addressing today’s social, political, cultural and economic problems, which are always blamed on the intense influx of immigrants. Secondly, the feeling of being left behind fuelled a strong anti-establishment sentiment among the people looking for quick-fix solutions. Moreover, moderate conservatives and left-wing parties joined forces with their far-right counterparts to maintain their popularity. Therefore, they give the people what they wish for by self-claiming themselves as “saviours of the western way of life” and expressing their desires to “replace the corrupt establishments”.
One can say that far-right adherents are growing daily because the globalization has broken down social norms. It has deprived countries from decent living conditions, which caused mass immigration. It has left many people behind in a losing catch up game in technological, social and economic fields. And let’s suppose, for argument’s sake, it’s true. Isn’t it humanity’s role to reject intolerance and demagoguery? To reject racism and nationalism? To reject exasperation and anger? And to spread democratic and human values?