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In the soup of all these cultures, it is possible that some may be misrepresented, or maybe not represented at all. Does the UN ensure that all these different, diverse and rich cultures maintain their place and worth in the world? Can globalization, consumerism and other rising ideologies erase some of those cultures and turn them into look-alike copies? How can you make sure that the traditional clothes of your country aren't going to be replaced by popular fashion, and soon all features of the culture disappear?
We often underrate the massive effects of cultures and cultural diversity. One's feeling of belonging-ness and having an identity that they share with a group of people, having the same mother tongue, common ideologies, backgrounds and beliefs. These feelings are really valuable to individuals and groups alike, and they can form a common ground for flourishing or destruction. Throughout history, we have seen groups that use the power of having a cultural identity for extremist and terrorizing behaviors, but we have also seen them bring people together to make positive changes in the world.
So, the movement from UNESCO on declaring the great effects of cultural diversity was not just a smart movement, but a nessecary one. The Decleration came as a result of the tragic 9/11 attacks, both to ensure that a cultural diversity is directed in the correct way, and to deal with the aftermath of the attacks in terms of social stigma and polarization as this kind of stereotyping can be one of the main reasons of more terrorism and violence.
All these issues can be caused by something as simple and as powerful as a common belief or ideology. It can be a seed for extremism, if not planted the correct way. Cultural diversity, is not just about traditional dressing and foods -even though those are some of the main factors that form it- but it is also a power, a massive power we often forget how destructive or productive it can be.