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The high incidence of “galamsey” or illegal mining in recent times has on numerous talks and arisen discussions perplexed the minds of the entire Ghanaian public - both young and old. Illegal mining is a mining activity without state approval. It is estimated that each year, illegal mining strips many tons of minerals from the Ghanaian lands. As a matter of fact, gold is second to cocoa as the main export material in Ghana which generates a large income to the country’s revenue increasing economic progress. Recently, there have been several cases of illegal mining in the country creating ill effects on the communities involved. A typical case in point is the demise of Captain Maxwell Mahama who faced his untimely death when he was on a duty on the prevention of illegal mining in local community in the Central Region. One major cause of this practice in the country is our ailing economy, which is incapable of supporting the skilled worker. Inflation is high, and the prices of goods will be apparently unaffordable. In addition, there is lack of cooperation, coordination and involved of the allied sector in handling of illegal gold mining. The adverse unbearable effects of galamsey are numerous. It destroys the vegetation of the country as result of felling of trees leading to deforestation. Illegal mining operators usually extract their minerals from sand washed in water bodies. Potable water bodies supporting aquatic life where food is also obtained are destroyed severely from the usage of harmful chemicals which poses danger to consumers, a practical example is the famous River Pra which has now turned to almost a muddy river. Finally, young students drop out from school to engage in this unlawful act in quest of quick money. Whilst the government and the local people are putting measures in place to help eliminate illegal mining in various societies, it is obvious there are bad personalities still indulged in this activity. I would like to highlight some possible solutions to help curb the contemporary menace on board. To set the ball rolling, the government should create more jobs and improve the service conditions of workers. When employment opportunities are available where any graduate or those in remote rural areas get a good and secured job, it makes them more reluctance to engage in any illegal activity. Preparing social control program after close illegal gold mining for the local community who affected, preparing employment, empowerment, skill training diversification, control prices. Since the government get a lot money from these mining sectors, it should be able to have a national enterprise that deals with gold mining, which in turn will be able to employ most of the people in many angles. The government should put up a required mutual commitment and a help from the local government policy, law enforcement agencies, stakeholders, public support to curb illegal mining and the river environment of the river Law enforcement needed to raise a deterrent effect. Currently, the government is using several methods of law enforcement to help the problem by setting up policies and other security personnel such as the newly setup Vanguard Security. Individuals who want to engage in any mining activity must go through legal procedures to obtain a mining right. Also, strenuous efforts on information dissemination so that one has one vision that illegal gold mining have been due river environmental pollution so needed a program to control and handle illegal gold mining, community empowerment, and reclamation. Again prerequisite socialization and education routinely about the impact of illegal gold mining toward environmental pollution and health problem as targeted (primary, secondary, and tertiary) to raise awareness the perpetrators of illegal gold mining, community. The local government needs to improve cooperation and coordination, involved related department and agencies. The local government by the related ministry, police, comrade of soldier, to curbing the illegal gold mining. Once again, our political and traditional leaders should bold their tongues and refrain from making flippant remarks to the public. They aimed at being innocent from these artisanal acts but are the backbone of the canker. Which people are responsible for giving lands for people to operate as well as the big machines, it is obviously the big politicians, chiefs and well-todo men in the society. With increased employment opportunities, effective enforcement of the law and public education among others I strongly hold the assertion that illegal mining will be massively eradicated.