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The situation in South Sudan, which declared independence from Sudan in 2011, and is the youngest member state of the United Nations is characterized by armed conflict and absence of socio-political cohesion. There are great concerns for human security, and the number of IDPs has risen significantly in the past couple of weeks, UN reports. More than a 800,000 people were forced out of their homes.
This is how Human Rights Watch summarizes the state of affairs in this country since its independence:
"The first year of South Sudan’s independence, declared on July 9, 2011, was marred by intense inter-communal fighting in Jonglei state, deteriorating relations with Sudan amid ongoing conflicts along their shared border, and the economic consequences of South Sudan’s decision to shut down oil production. The government took steps to develop its legal and institutional structure but has yet to ratify major human rights treaties, despite repeatedly saying it would do so. Lack of capacity and inadequate training of police, prosecutors, and judges have resulted in numerous human rights violations in law enforcement and administering justice. Security forces have committed abuses while carrying out disarmament operations."
Yesterday, the Sudanese government has denounced the killing of Sudanese nationals, in this complicated inter-ethnic conflict, which is also related to the province of Darfur, Sudan Tribune reports.
Continuation of peace talks involving the countries of the region is delayed for 27 April.
United Nations Mission in Sudan
OCHA - South Sudan page
Human Rights Watch - South Sudan page
Sudan Tribune - daily news source