In a nutshell, the Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the connection of all physical devices, machines, and home appliances – among many other things – made accessible through the Internet. All these devices are embedded with sensors, software, and actuators which – through the usage of network connectivity – share information with other such devices. This ecosystem of interrelated computing and mechanical devices that are connected wirelessly can transfer data without the necessity of a human-to-machine interaction. The life that we live today is immeasurably different than the ones our predecessors lived, and most of the changes can be attributed to the emergence and growing prominence of the Internet. IoT is gradually transforming the world by paving the way for a fully automated future.
The applications of IoT technology are simply numerous. IoT technology provides for greater functionality and increased flexibility thanks to the wireless network connectivity it offers. IoT has transformed the functioning of various households because of the sheer degree of home control that is afforded through the judicious application of this technology, which allows for a luxurious home experience. The automation of home systems and appliances allows for the individual to live a comfortable life. Smart home technology can be used to regulate the lighting equipment, the ventilation system, and also adjust the temperature of your home, and that’s not even the tip of the iceberg. For instance, you can close the curtains and open doors just by saying the command out loud. In addition, the sensors can detect your movement and shine light wherever you are so that you do not have to switch the light on manually.
Building management is yet another field where IoT technology has been utilised to provide for a cleaner and more efficient environment. A Building Management System (BMS) regulates all the mechanical and technical processes of a particular building. The construction of smart buildings has paved the way for operational efficiency and reduced the difficulties that an individual experiences as an occupant of a specific building. Smart buildings are able to perform optimally because of the network connectivity between the installed hardware equipment. In the present times, existing buildings are being turned into smart buildings to decrease energy consumption and increase savings. This infrastructural orientation towards smart structures has created conditions for a more sustainable environment. Customer satisfaction is another plus point associated with the management of buildings as there are almost nil chances of misinterpretation regarding any problem that may arise in the functioning of these systems.
Another prominent way in which IoT is shaping the future is through the access control system. This system is alternately known as the “intelligent door locking system.” In this system, every lock is assigned a separate IP address that allows these devices to connect with each other. Two factors that are immensely important in this field are identity management and authentication. The IoT access control processes only allow authorised personnel to log in to a company website or access a particular file. In the contemporary period, it is imperative to ensure the safety of confidential information because of the various security threats to the same, and thus, this technology provides a peace of mind along with a secure environment to conduct your work.
Another critical application of the IoT technology is in the realm of industries. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) connects various machines to a single operational framework. This results in the improvement of the production and manufacturing processes of different industries because of the enhanced levels of machine-to-machine interface. Machine control is an essential part of this IoT solution. The automation of the complex manufacturing processes such as assembly lines allows for increased efficiency, higher performance, and improved levels of productivity. The monitoring of all the machines using the Internet of Things has enabled companies to optimise their assets.
The use of IoT solutions in the industrial sphere by big manufacturing companies has enabled them to attract more customers because of the low prices as a result of the reduction in cost. Due to the relative longevity of various industrial equipment because of predictive maintenance and lower machine downtime, there has been a reduction in expenditure which has led to lowered prices of commodities and goods. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is increasingly driving business results because of the impressive return on investment.
Hence, it is not incorrect to state that IoT technology has changed the digital landscape and provided the base for a seamless digital experience. The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming everything in sight and most of us are not even aware of the impact this technology has on our lives, in spite of being dependent on it for almost all of our day-to-day activities.