The Republic occupies the significant area of Bohemia, Moravia, and fraction of Silesia. These areas have been significant in the economy of east-central Europe because of its mineral deposits and afterward their industries. As the name signifies it was not always occupied by the Czechs. The fall down of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the finish of World War I brought the Czechs and Slovaks jointly for the initial time as “Czechoslovaks.” The Czechs became the ruling cultural group in Czechoslovakia, a totally new state in which Germans and Hungarians lived jointly as not prepared citizens, bound to turn out to be unfaithful minorities bent on discouragement the self-governing constitution engendered by the country’s founders, Tomáš G. Masaryk and Edvard Beneš.
One-third of the German residents of Bohemia constituted the population in the 1930’s. These residents act as an excuse for Nazi Germany to tear apart Czechoslovakia. During World War II Moravia and Bohemia existed politically only as a region of the Third Reich. Soviet troops occupied Czechoslovakia near the end of World War II.