“The eight Millennium Development Goals were a breakthrough. Together, we created a blueprint for ending extreme poverty. We defined achievable targets and timetables.” Ban Ki Moon
Nutrition as a resource of life for individuals is one of the fundamental human rights. Nutrition often should be considered together withfood security and both of them create the “Right to Food” which is not only a moral obligation but a legal one as well, considering the fact that is enshrined by the International Law.This obligation for the state would consist in creating the possibility for all the population to have adequate food.
Of a great importance when discussing upon nutrition is the definition given by UNICEF regarding food and nutrition security: “Food and nutrition security is achieved when adequate food (quantity, nutritional quality, safety, socio‐cultural acceptability) is available and accessible for and satisfactorily used and utilized by all individuals at all times to live a healthy and active life” .
The MDG-s since 2000 have helped our population to make great steps forward and indeed our population is living in way much better conditions that 15 years ago. In the light of the great achievements I believe it is enough to mention two simple facts/statistics that prove the great progress it’s made. According to the United Nations Statistics Division 600 million people were lifted out of poverty whilst the daily child deaths are reduced by 14.000.
However, MDG-s in some countries have been insufficient, particularly Nr. 1 (“Ending extreme poverty and hunger”), Nr. 4 (“Reduce child mortality”) and Nr. 7 (“Ensure Environmental Sustainability”). In some directions the MDG-s were limited and this limitation brought the failure of MDG-s. Among many limitations I would highlight some of them, that should be in the center of our attention when trying to create the post-2015 agenda:
a)actions were not specifically oriented to some vulnerable groups such as children and women.
b)actions taken didn’t have direct impact on international actors that are closely directed with food and nutrition such as international trade for example.
c)actions were not adapted in the context of each and every country.
In my opinion, if we want to improve the issues related to nutrition as a source for energy we should bear in mind that the post-2015 agenda should be made by having three pillars:
1)Availability - Adequate food to be secured and provided in efficient means.
2)Access - Everyone should have the possibility to have is own food, either buying it or producing it by himself.
3)Stability - This would ensure a long term development and would provide a more secure approach.
Achieving all of the above mentioned actions of course isn’t an easy task, however I believe that through showing total willingness, learning from the failures and inspired from the achievements we will be able to achieve greater results in the upcoming years!