The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.
The Security Council is one of the six main organs established under the UN Charter. It is organized in such a way that it can function continuously, and a representative of each of its members must be present at all times at UN Headquarters.
To perform its functions, the Security Council has created a series ofsubsidiary organsto focus on specific issues.
Documents that are issued in Security Council:
Resolutions: United Nations resolutions are formal expressions of the opinion or will of United Nations organs. They generally consist of two clearly defined sections: a preamble and an operative part. The preamble generally presents the considerations on the basis of which action is taken, an opinion expressed or a directive given. The operative part states the opinion of the organ or the action to be taken.
- Presidential Statements: A presidential statement is a statement made by the President of the Security Council on behalf of the Council, adopted at a formal meeting of the Council and issued as an official document of the Council.
- Press Statements: A press statement is a declaration to the media made by the President of the Security Council on behalf of all 15 Members. It is issued as a United Nations press release in English and French.
- Reports submitted by / transmitted by the Secretary-General: The Secretary-General submits or transmits reports to the Security Council on issues called for by resolutions.
Reports of the Security Council Missions
- Annual Reports: The Security Council's annual report covers questions considered by the Security Council and matters brought to its attention as well as the work of the Council's subsidiary bodies during the reporting period (1 August - 31 July). In addition, it contains annexes relating,inter alias, to the membership of the Council, the representatives accredited to it, Presidents in the reporting period as well as meetings held and actions taken by the Council and its subsidiary bodies.
- Volumes of Resolutions and Decisions: The official, edited versions of the resolutions, presidential statements and other decisions of the Council are collected in the annually published volumes of Resolutions and Decisions of the Security Council.