Lobbying is the art of convincing large groups of people that your ideas are their ideas. If one can convince a delegate to vote in favor of something before the debate even starts, one has obtained a tremendous advantage which if properly kept will allow for strong political influence in debate.
Remember that you will need to lobby to represent and further your own interests. If you don’t it’s unlikely that others will do so for you unless they have an incentive.
Some essential skills in lobbying listed ranked in order of importance:
If you don't listen you can never know whether the desires of you and the person you are talking to are compatible. Lobbying is also the art of being liked, if you listen to people their opinions no matter how stupid they might sound to you, you will create a degree of mutual respect which is essential for the rest of the negotiation.
If I am lobbying I look around all the time. By observing what is happening one can grasp what is happening and have a huge advantage over those who do not pay attention. If you for example see two people talking about a certain subject, remember it! The information might be useful later. If one is blind to his or her surroundings you cannot expect to be successful in lobbying. Lobbying is about people and you can only understand them by observing them.
After observing and listening to other individuals one has to digest this information and interpret it. If for example two countries often vote alike they will most likely be allies and if one of the two says yes to your proposal the other one is most likely to also say yes. Analyzing mostly relies on logic and understanding long term patterns.
Despite this being seemingly essential in lobbying. It is much more efficient to first observe and digest information and then adapting you speech/pitch to that input. This will mean that your pitch will be more tailored towards the individual and therefore will have a higher rate of success.
When conversing keep these basic rules in mind:
1. It is okay to start a conversation if your lobbying, don't stand back and wait until somebody speaks to you, go out and reach out to them.
2. Small talk is your greatest friend. Most people will find it very awkward to talk to a complete stranger. To break down this barrier we use small talk. Examples would be asking so from what school/university do you come from? What is your name? Is this your first MUN? After you break the ice people will be more open to your proposals.
This is the trickiest part of lobbying and the hardest to explain and teach. You have to convince your fellow delegates that you have their best interests in mind with yours as well. You will have to convince them that your stance is theirs.
HOW TO MAKE ALLIES
Be the person who walks around the room and talks to everyone in a polite and respectful manner. He or she never interrupts a conversation that is already ongoing and is also truly interested in your plans. This person expends a lot of energy by talking to everyone and is not only lobbying his idea's he or she is also bonding with other delegates to make lobbying down the road easier.
Politely invite delegates to your table to look at your working paper and request themto give a comment or to add in their ideas, be genuinely interested in their ideas. Compromise.
Comment on their speeches and make sure to tell them which points stood out the most and which you agree on. You can also add in your own opinions. This will make them feel that you are a genuinely nice person and they’ll want to be your friends and allies.
Use your unmoderated caucuses to go around the room, talk to various people, get their ideas and convince them to agree to your resolution.
This is one important trick which many MUNers forget. To have a successful resolution which if you’re lucky will not elicit any amendments or debates is to have a resolution that merges and has almost everyone’s ideas and solutions. Talk to people and get them to send you their ideas during unmods and committee sessions. Talk it over coffee breaks/lunch breaks too!
Lunch breaks/coffee breaks are best times to socialize. Quit staring at your phone screen and make an effort to get to know your fellow delegates well. You might’ve made a brand new ally!
Don't forget to make friends at MUN. MUN isn't just about debating and passing resolutions or being diplomatic, it is also a way to improve your social skills and make friends from different parts of the world...so bonne chance!