The Middle East region has been at war since the cold war era. Whether it be Palestine-Israel issue, Syrian civil war or gulf war all these have contributed to the instability in the region. The extremist groups like ISIS, Al-Qaeda are deeply rooted in the region while the international actors have failed to drive out such groups from this region. Middle East is not only falling apart but is shaping into a hub of religious wars. This region has always been exploited by the great powers for either personal benefits or for political gains. This exploitation has lead to a chaos in the region for decades. The power struggle between the states has resulted in colossal violence that no has been accountable for.
Since the beginning of Syrian civil war it has been inflamed by religious sectarianism. The violent non state actors have caused immense destruction on the name of religion augmented by the Syrian government. Uprisings against the Assad regime, crackdown on the anti government protests and brutal violence has only resulted in the loss of thousands of civilian including children. The cross fire between the citizens and government has been exploited by the extremist groups. They have used child soldiers, kidnapped and tortured people in order to support their religious claims.
Human rights violation is the most apparent feature of the Syrian conflict. Violence in Syria has escalated since the intervention of US and Russia forces. The Russian and Syrian forces claim to be targeting the armed groups which have resulted into a collateral damage, resulting in the loss of innocent lives. One of the many horrors in this civil war is the use of chemical weapons such as barrel bombs and scud missiles that has contributed to the countless crimes against humanity. These attacks have killed, destroyed and displaced Syrians amounting to the large scale war crimes committed during the conflict. The sad part is that the Syrian government itself is responsible for inhumane acts carried out like murder, rape, detentions, torture etc.
Amnesty International released a press statement saying that opposition groups have been deliberately and unlawfully killing captured opponents in Syria, and called on all opposition parties to abide by international humanitarian law. The Syrian government and international community have failed in their responsibility to protect the Syrian people.
Amidst all this the Security Council resolutions have been breached, Law of war has been despoiled, international humanitarian law has been violated for sufficient number of times but unfortunately no strict action has been taken so far. Propositions have been made, inspections have been carried out, reports have been gathered but no concrete steps have been taken so far to punish the actors responsible for this horrible warfare. Despite substantial evidence of human rights abuse the UN and other organizations have failed miserably in holding the Syrian government accountable for humanitarian catastrophes. The conflict has escalated to regions such as Europe transforming it into a refugee crisis.