the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments,
the private sector, civil society and people like you (Welcome to the United Nations).
Climate change is now affecting every country on every continent and need to be addressed. If we will not act now or become stingy then we can all enter into vulnerable category. The biggest threat to the environment is “Human activities”. We cannot combat with nature completely but we can control devastation caused by human activities(Biggest threat to environment / MunPlanet).
Great forces are generated when a point of common interest makes
its way. Actions speak when objectives are repeated again and again. The world
we envision needs a perpetual and determined action. We have a greatest
platform to unite our synergies and envision sustainable future. We know no other planet till date with these facilities and
characteristics which our beloved earth has bestowed us.
Isn't It our responsibility and need to make it livable?
We know many tyrant rulers in history today who enslaved mankind or captured territories but believe me tomorrow they will be the ones who didn’t take necessary action to save climate and made the world worse to live in. With a single degree increase in temperature makes us vulnerable and our future worse. We have to act, Yes!
Our care for the vulnerable and most affected will promote action, participation and finance. The reserves of Mother Nature are blessings for all of us mankind and we need it without political boundaries. Our religions demand us to help the poor and those in need of help whether humans, animal or plants. Developed countries have to understand the needs of developing and LDCs. Technology and experience should be transferred to enhance capacity building.
Tools and multi-level instruments to leverage implementation of the Paris Agreement and NDCs:
We have to use different approaches to implement Paris agreement and NDCs. The best way is to create awareness and educate the community.
We must repeat the importance of environmental inclusion and climate change science in all academic programs and researches. Integration of climate science is the best method to make it progress. We should not only make it a single particular program or subject rather we have to integrate it in every science and arts as well.
A new subject “Environment and Climate Connection” should be added in all academic programs from engineering to social sciences and all.
For example, a civil engineering student must study a subject “environment and climate change” in his degree program. This subject will help him to integrate sustainability in construction projects and environmental assessments. This will also promote SDG-11.
This method is very important to create awareness about climate act. We can also call it Kids-Youth-Seniors approach and the method is rewards-achievements-responsibility concept. We must understand the human psyche to get efficient and impact results. We always need incentives to carry out any activity.
Kids and teenagers are always attracted to rewards. We should arrange competitions, debates, games and exhibitions in schools and colleges to create awareness about environment and climate act.
In youths, incentive is achievements and ranks. At this stage the best way is to include environment in their academic programs and create opportunities. Provide them with scholarships, funding projects, training and workshops. This will enhance innovation and technology for mitigation and adaptation.
After studies when they will join workplaces and jobs, include environment and climate act in their responsibilities and job descriptions.
This will generate a cycle of climate act at all levels.
All projects formulation and appraisals should involve environmental assessments in their planning and implementation.
A separate department with the name “Sustainable Works” should be added in all ministries and public offices which will look for environmental aspects of all public projects, assessments, problems and their solutions. It will also provide instruments and technical assistance during the implementation of project life cycle.
A separate financing mechanism or subsidiary budget allocation can be established through main ministry of climate which will announce rewards/ subsidiaries for those which will lead in environmental integration and inclusion in their projects.
There are global, regional and national institutions and forums to implement climate act. They range from policy making to implementation, monitoring and evaluation levels. Here we can also adopt rewards-achievement- responsibility approach to implement Paris Agreement and NDCs.
Global Forums: United Nations and its organizations are best platform to make policies and take pledge from world leaders to act for climate. Paris Agreement is finest example of it. Although climate act couldn’t take any legal forms but its importance has been felt greatly around the globe. United Nations has only mandate to arrange mechanism and mutatis mutandis in policies.
Any country or enterprise which takes lead in implementation of
Paris agreement can be given leadership role in related platforms of UN like
UNFCC and other subsidiaries.
Regional forums: This level of forums is best to determine regional scenarios and contributions for climate act. They can better create opportunities and financing for climate act. They should finance funded projects and climate research in their regions. Any country or enterprise in any region which will lead Paris Agreement implementation can be given leadership role in respective regional organization.
National Forums: National Governments are important to integrate environment and climate act in policy making and ministries. This forum has direct support of common man and hence they can deliver a lot. A human based approach is necessary to protect properties, life and health of every citizen and they are also related to environment and climate. Government can give their projects to enterprises which will integrate environment in their projects, leases and contracts.
A problem lies here which needs to be addressed properly. HSSE (Health, Safety, Security and Environment) policies should be effectively implemented in all industries and workplaces to ensure the labor rights, health and safety of a common citizen. ISO certification is given to any company or industry where even the basic standards are missing in most of developing and all LDCs. Accountability and M&E approach is needed here. Compact and accurate data should be available at national level which should be generated periodically.
Strong institutions are required for fair and corruption free struggle for SDGs.
Sub National Forum: Local governments and municipal cities can better support national governments and create awareness for climate act. Session and civil courts should provide free and fair justice. They can also integrate environment and sustainability approach in their judgments as good practices.