The situation in North Korea has become a global issue with the U.S. and South Korea being affected severely. Despite sharing the same goal, the two countries perceive the ideal solution in different ways. South Korea obviously does not want any conflict in the Korean Peninsula because that would lead to a loss of thousands of lives. Given that, the U.S. has to get S. Korea’s approval to any actions against DPRK, an idea not appreciated by the Trump administration. South Korea’s plan is based on strong diplomacy opting for an inter-Korean summit meeting.
On the contrary, the U.S. calls South Korea to take a more active role to its own problem. Moreover, President D. Trump has made it clear that the U.S. is prepared to strike N. Korea at the first sign of an actual attack. They are also prepared to launch a pre-emptive strike against DPRK if the situation escalates. What’s more, President Trump mentioned to President Xi Jinping that the Chinese banks must stop doing business with North Korea, to which China has given no answer yet.
As we can see, each country has a different policy, with the U.S. being more active and wanting things to be done quickly, and S. Korea suggesting negotiations with N. Korea, probably because, being the neighbouring country, it would be more affected by any implications. Thus, Moon has all the right to hesitate and to eagerly look for a middle ground solution to the crisis.
So, to mediate the differences, South Korea needs to become more active on the DPRK matter with the support and help of the U.S. But, most importantly, the U.S. should compromise with S. Korea’s opinion to tone down its language and not exhaust the patience of North Korea as, in reality, Moon is a big help without whose contribution Trump has no chance of defeating Kim Jong-un.
Furthermore, there are three possible solutions, each of which has its pros and cons:
•Firstly, increase sanctions on N. Korea and those who support it in the hope that the President will decide to negotiate,
•Secondly, attempt to reopen diplomatic talks between the US. and N. Korea,
•Thirdly, launch a preemptive strike against N. Korea in a demonstration of US strength.
1. (+) there are two US bills working on increasing N. Korean sanctions.
(-) thus far the sanctions haven’t been effective
2. (+) diplomatic talks with N. Korea possess the potential to significantly defuse tensions in the Korean Peninsula
(-) diplomatic relationships are pointless. Any promises DPRK makes with US and S. Korea are sure to be lies.
3. (+) Trump will not tolerate N. Korea being able to threaten the US
(-) S.Korea will try to block that decision
So we can decline the first and the last one, for the reason that the USA does not act alone in the N. Korean issue. It would be good to have S. Korea’s approval to any action, which of course will not be given to any of those two. Plus the fact that we talk about a volatile state, a country that is not afraid to react to any attack. So, we end up with the second and most effective choice, trying to make diplomatic talks with N.Korea. Although, this has never happened before, D.Trump is willing to meet with N.Korean President. Yet, we know that most of the promises DPRK will probably make will be lies and on the other hand N. Korea will continue its nuclear program.