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At the first time, it was a Canadian diplomat named Lester Pearson who suggests creating a group of skilled army which duty is to ensure peace in conflict country and monitor the event until the peace agreement is truly implemented and he named them as “Peacekeeping Force”, with blue helmet for identification or to put it simple to suppress the conflict into a war. Their responsibility was to create peace in the conflict zone (which is at that time is the year after the World War II that had more than 62 million of fatalities and that mean it’s almost impossible).
In nowadays, Peacekeeping has becoming an issue that everyone is cared about. People are more concerned on what is going on in the other side of their world. They are questioning how can a war started, how can a war stayed so long until it is almost impossible to end it, how come interventions gave worse affects (maybe people don’t really understand that the word “intervention” also means “modern colonialization in a good packaging”), is their money for the taxes goes in peacekeeping missions, and the most recent is questioning the needs to continue the state participation in PKO since it seems like there is no significant progress to bring peace in the conflict countries.
For an international student or everyone that has studied about international relations and its related issues such as peacekeeping or peace study, we might understand and give the most suitable analysis on the conflict (although we don’t know whether the outcome of our analysis is right or true. At least, we’ve tried our best to answer it :) ). When I was an intern at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia, I asked the team of my directorate why are we trying our best to bring the news or article about PKO on the Indonesian media-news channels while our people didn’t even know what is PKO and anything about it (we did a little survey at that time and the result is my people didn’t care because they know nothing about it). Their answer is they do publication for rising awareness and not focused on educating people about it. It just two different things. The awareness is not just for our people but also for the world which means that we care about other countries and we supported peace in this world no matter what. The answer given by my colleagues in MOFA was out of my expectations. We do care about the world and now our people (and maybe the people of the rest of the world) care about it as one under the name of “international community”.
But what are exactly people think about PKO when they know very little about it; what is their main concern (to be honest, I doubt their motives of their care – I know that we don’t need a reason to do good things but still, I doubt them). I’m afraid that people put high expectations on PKO. Well, we do hope that the PKO will bring peace but the results is not always like we want to even if we’ve tried our best to minimalize the possibility of negatives results. I don’t really know about people in other states think on the PKO issues. I do have doubt on the rising publication of PKO around the world; what is the meaning behind the rising publication? The number of peacekeeper personnel is increased but so does who quit and died. Do people really know what PKO means to this world or to the conflict country? I’m still learning Peace Study, I hope there are more articles or journals about Peace Study to help us understand the needs of PKO since I think its role is crucial and related to many things such as Climate Change too. Thank you for reading my mind, wish you success and have a blessed day!