Ever since the first humans appeared, there has been a natural movement of people. Over the past millennia, people have moved vast distances for all kinds of reasons. From persecution to war; from earthquakes and floods to famine, or simply driven by curiosity about other peoples and locations. Of course, in the past, travel was slow and there were great risks, nonetheless people continued to move. We always have. We always will.
It’s what we humans do. Even, at a time of fast, convenient and affordable global travel, it can still be extremely difficult for people to flee conflict, persecution, and hardship.
In the past few years, record numbers of people worldwide have been forced to flee their homes. Instead of providing protection to them, many countries are slamming their doors shut. The wealthiest nations are leaving other, poorer countries to cope alone with nearly all the world’s 21 million refugees, while politicians and powerful media portray people running for their lives as “illegal” or faceless “invaders” who are “a security threat”.
By dehumanizing people in need of international protection, they are ducking their responsibility to protect people fleeing violence, persecution and conflict. You might wonder if we require new laws to protect the rights of refugees. We don’t.
International refugee law and human rights law provide a sophisticated and balanced system to allow people in need to escape war and persecution to access protection in a third country.
Some times we cant properly give any definition of Refugee and other types of migrants. To clarify, the definitions are give bellow:
An Asylum Seeker: A person who has applied to be recognized as a refugee and awaits a decision on the application for refugee status under relevant international & national instrument.
A Refugee: A person who can’t return to his/her country because s/he is at real risk of persecution or other serious human rughts violations orabuses, due to who he/she is or what they believe in. Sience their own government can’t or won’t protect the, refugees are forced to flee their countrey and seek protection eleswhere
An internationally Displaced Person: A person who has left his/her home to seek safety from persecution or conflict, but who has not crossed a border to find safety.
A Stateless Person: A person who doesn’t have a nationality of any country. Some People are born stateless, while others become stateless. As such, A stateless person lacks the protection of any state
It is becoming increasingly common to see the terms 'refugee' and 'migrant' being used interchangeably by media and by politicians. BUT! There is a difference between the two, and it matters.
The two terms have different meanings, and confusing them creates problems for both populations and makes it harder to protect the rights of each.
(To be Continued... )
Sources: Amnesty Internationals & others