Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation in the band of connective tissue that extends into the lower part of the foot and is a common cause of heel pain. An appropriate shoe can make a big difference in the comfort and recovery of people suffering from plantar fasciitis.
A shoe for those suffering from plantar fasciitis should have good support in the arch. Many people with plantar fasciitis have either low arches ("flat feet") or high arches. Athletic shoes generally specify whether they have been manufactured for feet with normal, low or high arch; and it is important to buy the appropriate type for your feet. One way to know if your arcs are normal, low or high is to walk with your feet wet on a flat surface, like concrete and see the traces you leave (see Bibliography for arch test).
A good shoe will also have a firm enough sole. A shoe that is very "flexible" at the bottom, like most flip flops, does not provide good support for the foot. In addition, the shoe foot should bend over the toe of the foot. You can find the photos of "shoe flexion test" on plantarfasciitisshoesguru.com.
High-heeled shoes are a bad choice for all types of feet. They hold the foot in a very unnatural position and prevent its normal movement. People with plantar fasciitis should wear shoes with little or no heels.
For runners, in particular, the right shoe needs to have the proper amount of stability control. When you walk or run, your foot goes through a normal movement called pronation. Pronation is the "rolling" of the foot inwards towards the arch that happens as the weight goes from the heel of the foot to the toe. Many people have plantar fasciitis with over-pronation; that is, the foot is rolled too far inward. Running shoes are generally classified by degree of stability control (low, medium or high). Shoes with low stability control are a bad option for people who suffer from over-pronation.
There is not a single shoe that works for everyone who has this mess. Brokers can go to well-known stores for running shoes and find help when choosing the right shoes. Seeing the wear of your old shoes will also give you information about the arches and the movement of your feet (see Bibliography below for instructions). If you are a runner, wear an old pair of shoes when you visit the store to buy new ones. You should also wear the stockings that you plan to use when running or any orthopedic insole that you plan to use. All of this can help you choose a new pair of running shoes.
Prevention / Solution
It is important to pay attention to any pain you have in your foot so that you can identify plantar fasciitis early. If you always hurt your heels in the morning after running, you may need to decrease your mileage or change shoes.
If you are a runner, make sure to stretch regularly. Runners are likely to have little flexibility in the back of their legs if they do not stretch the calf and tendons correctly, and this rigidity can lead to plantar fasciitis. There are also splints that use a strap between your fingers and the upper spine to gently stretch the plantar fascia while you sleep.
Even the best pair of shoes will stop working if you use them for a long time. The lifespan of a pair of shoes is between 350 and 550 miles (563.2 and 885.1 km). Keeping a march log will help you know when it's time to buy a new pair.
Some people wear over-the-counter orthopedic items that support the arch and cushion the foot. These pieces are available in most pharmacies.
It is also important to buy the appropriate shoe for the activity you perform. Runners should wear running shoes and should consider the terrain in the training; For concrete or wood bark trails are very different surfaces. Also, make sure you wear good socks and tying your shoes correctly.
If you wear new shoes in combination with stretching exercises and home treatments like ice and anti-inflammatory, but you continue to have heel pain, you may need to consult an expert. A podiatrist can diagnose any problem with your gait (the way you walk) and can detect any physical failure you may have, such as having one leg longer than the other. A podiatrist can make orthopedic devices to suit you so that you can use them and correct these problems. The doctor can also advise you about some stretching exercises you should do.