Post available to Premium Members only. Please upgrade your account in order to apply.
The number of victims of intentional homicide worldwide remained relatively stable from 2008 to 2014. Yet during that period, the homicide rate in developing countries was twice that in developed countries, and increased in the least developed countries. Moreover, despite the lack of harmonized data, fatalities and injuries related to armed conflict appear to be increasing in some countries, causing unprecedented population displacements and enormous humanitarian needs. Various forms of violence against children are pervasive, including discipline that relies on physical punishment and psychological aggression. Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling of children’s rights violations. Yet underreporting and the lack of comparable data limit understanding of the full extent of the problem. Progress with respect to the rule of law and access to justice is mixed. [Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2016/75]
Among victims of robbery, between one quarter and one half reported the crime to the police, in 27 countries with available data. The data suggest a significant gap in citizens’ access to and trust in authorities. Although official data on the prevalence of bribery are limited, figures from 19 countries indicate that the rate of prevalence of bribery may reach as high as 50 per cent among citizens who had contact with public officials, undermining trust in state institutions. Registering children at birth is a first step in securing recognition before the law and safeguarding individual rights and access to justice. Despite recent progress, the births of more than 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 worldwide have not been recorded. [Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2016/75]
The Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals",E/2017/66 about this SDG says:
" Violent conflicts have increased in recent years, while homicides have declined slowly and more citizens around the world have better access to justice. A few high-intensity armed conflicts are causing large numbers of civilian casualties. Progress promoting peace and justice, together with effective, accountable and inclusive institutions, remains uneven across and within regions."Targets set by SDG 16 are:
1. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere;
2. End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children;
3. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all;
4. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime;
5. Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms;
6. Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels;
7. Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels;
8. Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance;
9. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration;
10. Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.
A) Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime;
B) Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development.
The global indicator framework was developed by the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs) and agreed to, as a practical starting point at the 47th session of the UN Statistical Commission held in March 2016. The report of the Commission, which included the global indicator framework, was then taken note of by ECOSOC at its 70th session in June 2016. [SDG Indicators - Revised list of global Sustainable Development Goal indicators]
This was only an introduction to SDG 16, so it is up to you to help me spread it around!