Here is the key events timeline:
- November 21: President Yanukovich announces abandonment of a trade agreement with the EU
- Late November: Demonstrations are being held in Kiev, the largest since Orange Revolution
- December 1: Protesters occupy Kiev City Hall
- December 17: Russian President Putin agrees to buy 15 Bn USD in the Ukrainian government bonds and reduce gas price by third
- January 17: Yanukovich signs a new law banning the anti-government protests
- January 28: The Prime Minister, Mykola Azarov resigns and the Parliament repeals harsh anti-protest laws Read more
- February 17: Russia gives a 2 Bn USD cash injection to Ukraine
- February 18: Street clashes erupt leaving, 18 people dead and hundreds more injured
- February 20: Violence continues with 88 people dead
- February 21: President Yanukovich signs an EU-mediated agreement with the opposition agreeing on creating a new national unity government. The implementation of the constitutional changes and the early elections shall be held by December. Despite reached compromise the protesters continued to gather
- February 24: Interim president Olexander Turchyanov issues a warrant for the arrest of Yanukovich (danger of separatism)
- February 22: Yanukovich flees the country Read more
- February 25: Pro-Russian protest held in Crimea
- March 2: Ukraine’s interim Prime Minister Yatsenyuk says Russia has declared war.
- March 4: President Putin breaks silence and denies that Russian forces have besieged the Ukrainian troops. He states that the Russian troops are self-defense forces
- March 5: Talks between Russian and Western powers in Paris finished without agreement. Sergei Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister declined to meet new Ukrainian counterparts
- March 6: Crimea's pro-Russian leadership sets the date for a referendum on joining the Russian Federation for March 16
- March 7: Ukraine offers to talk with Russia over Crimea on the condition that Russia withdraws the troops.
- March 9: The White House announces that President Obama will meet Yatsenyuk on March 12.
- March 12: UN human rights envoy denied access to Crimea (Read more). President Obama meets with Prime Minister Yatsenyuk of Ukraine (Read more or watch the video bellow)
- March 14: UN Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights Ivan Šimonović announced immediate deployment of a UN human rights monitoring team throughout Ukraine to help establish the facts on human rights violations, and serve to de-escalate tensions in the country.
- March 15: A Security Council Resolution declaring the referendum in Crimea invalid, vetoed by Russia. For the video of the Security Council meeting, see here.
- March 16: The population of Crimea has voted in a referendum to break away from Ukraine, by 97 % majority.
- March 17: Crimea's Parliament has formally declared independence with a request to join Russian Federation. UN SG Ban Ki-moon "deeply concerned and disappointed". Putin signs order to recognize Crimea as a sovereign independent state.
April 13: The United Nations Security Council has held an emergency session at Russia's request Sunday night. The meeting followed an ultimatum issued by Ukraine's interim president Oleksandr Turchynov to pro-Russian armed groups to cease the occupation of government buildings in eastern Ukraine (read more in this DW article here)
April 17: Top diplomats from Ukraine, Russia, EU and the United States sat down for talks for the first time since the crisis begun. The meeting in Geneva is attended by foreign ministers Andriy Deshchytsya, Sergiy Lavrov, Catherine Ashton and John Kerry. Live coverage here.
After the talks, the sides agreed measures including end of violence, disarming of illegal groups and amnesty for protesters.
April 24: Observation: the international public opinion is fond of talking about "new containment" strategy and there are frequent references to the work of George F. Kennan, an architect of US Cold War foreign policy - both in press and think-tanks. Read this Guardian article, for example.
April 28: US President Barack Obama announced new sanctions against Russia, which would include hi-tech exports for Russia's military industry. "The goal here is not to go after Mr Putin personally," Obama said. "The goal is to change his calculus with respect to how the current actions that he's engaging in could have an adverse impact on the Russian economy over the long haul," Obama said.
The UN Secretary-General strongly condemned the capture of the OSCE monitors in eastern Ukraine and urged all parties to de-escalate the crisis.
April 29: Security Council meets to discuss the situation in Ukraine. European Union imposes sanctions targeting 15 Russian officials.
April 30: IMF $ 17 billion worth program approved for Ukraine.
One of the pro-Russian leaders in the eastern Ukraine said Donetsk will not take part in presidential elections scheduled for May 25.
May 2: Ukraine's Defense Ministry has confirmed that two of its helicopters were shot down and the pilots killed in a major offensive to retake the eastern city of Slovyansk. Pro-Russian protesters continue to overtake government buildings in eastern cities. Follow this live blog by Radio Free Europe for more.
The clashes are taking place on the streets of Slovyansk and some other cities, in what Kiev calls "anti-terrorist operation" and Moscow sees as "humanitarian crisis". Killed and wounded people in Slovyansk, reports Euronews.
May 11: A referendum held in the Donetsk region, with the Peoples' Republic of Donetska declaring independence. According to the reports, 89.7 % voted to leave Ukraine, 10.19 % voted against, and 0.74 % of vote was invalid, the Telegraph reports. The government in Kiev states the turnout figures were much lower. (below 35 %).
May 14: "The Ukrainian government has agreed to launch discussions on giving more powers to the regions under a peace plan brokered by the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) – a roadmap backed by Moscow but regarded with scepticism by Kiev", Guardian reports.
May 15: MOSCOW, May 15 (RIA Novosti) – The authorities of the Donetsk People’s Republic have reiterated the upcoming presidential election of “neighboring state” Ukraine will not be held on the territory of the self-proclaimed republic.
May 16: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issues a report on the human rights situation in Ukraine.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said Friday that a new UN report produced by her 34-strong monitoring team in Ukraine shows “an alarming deterioration in the human rights situation in the east of the country, as well as serious problems emerging in Crimea, especially in relation to the Crimean Tatars.”
She called on “those with influence on the armed groups responsible for much of the violence in eastern Ukraine to do their utmost to rein in these men who seem bent on tearing the country apart.”On the other hand, Moscow characterized the report as biased. 'The foreign ministry of Russian Federation found it peculiar that “in some 30 pages of text, there is not one mention of any manifestation of aggressive nationalism and neo-Nazism in Ukraine”', reports Russia Today.
May 19: Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday ordered troops deployed near Ukraine to return to their home bases and praised the launch of a dialogue between the Ukrainian government and its opponents even as fighting continued in the eastern parts of the country, reported the Associated Press (via New York Times).
May 21: Russian ambassador to the UN Vitaly Churkin held a press conference on situation in Ukraine.
Journalist: Are we back to the Cold War?
V.Churkin: "No, we are not."
(read the full transcript here)
May 22: At least14 Ukrainian soldiers were killed just north of Donetsk after the attack by heavily armed militans, BBC reported. The presidential elections take place on May 25.
"The first steps that we will take at beginning of presidential office should be focused on stopping the war, to put an end to this chaos and bring peace to a united Ukraine," Poroshenko said to the media after the polls were closed.
May 26: Pro-Russian fighters reported to have taken the international airport in Donetsk under control. In an operation conducted by the government forces, some 30 insurgents are reported to have been killed. The airstrikes against the separatists in control of Donetsk airport appeared to be the most visible government military operation yet since it started a crackdown on insurgents last month, AP reports.
May 29: Pro-Russian militants shot down the Ukrainian army helicopter. Report show that 14 soldiers including an army general were killed (the Guardian). Ukrainian president Poroshenko vowed to punish the rebels for the act.
June 2: "Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said Moscow wants Security Council action to end weeks of violence in Russian-speaking eastern Ukraine between government troops and pro-Russian insurgents, a move immediately denounced by the United States as "hypocritical.", AP reports. Fighting continues, with the number of casualties on both sides (reports suggest a couple of hundred killed).
- Ukraine's ambassador to Turkey stated that his country plans to go before the International Court of Justice over Crimea, CIHAN agency reports. On the other hand, Russia states it is ready to respond to a potential move by Ukraine in separate lawsuits.
June 4: The G-7 leaders called on the Russian president Vladimir Putin to engage in talks with Ukrainian leadership and president-elect Poroshenko, without considering new regime of sanctions at the moment, the Guardian reports.
June 7: Petro Poroshenko inaugurated as President of Ukraine.
June 9: Ukrainian and Russian officials met in an EU-mediated negotiations to discuss the de-escalation of conflict in eastern Ukraine as well as the details over Ukraine's payments for Russian gas. “As a result of the work, the sides reached a mutual understanding on key stages of the implementation of the plan and on a list of priorities which will contribute to a de-escalation of the situation in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine," a statement from Ukraine’s foreign ministry said, according to Reuters, IBT writes.
June 10: Ukraine's president Petro Poroshenko has ordered the creation of humanitarian corridors which civilians can use to leave the areas under heavy fighting in the east of the country.
June 11: Gas price negotiations between Russia and Ukraine in progress. At the moment the Ukrainian side said it won't accept "Russia's gas trap". "We believe that our offer is more than in a partnership spirit, aimed to support the Ukrainian economy at a rather difficult time," Vladimir Putin said. EU Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger said he hoped the two sides would make progress.
June 12: A Ukrainian official claims that three Russian tanks crossed the border with Ukraine, while Russia denies that charge, CNN and other world media reported. Media were not able to independently confirm this information.
June 14: A total of 49 Ukrainian military personnel killed when the insurgents in the east of the country shot down an transport airplane - the deadliest attack so far.
June 16: Russia cuts off gas supplies to Ukraine as the deadline for late payment expires. No agreement was negotiated last week.
“This decision was taken due to systematic failure of Naftogaz Ukraine to pay. The debt of the company for Russian gas stands at $4.458 billion, including $1.451 billion for November and December 2013, and $3.007 billion for April-May 2014,” Gazprom said in a statement posted on their website, RT reports.
"The ceasefire plan does not envisage negotiations with the leaderships of the so-called Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics, but promises amnesty to all rebels who disarm and are not guilty of major crimes. It offers decentralisation of power, though it stops short of full federalisation, and gives guarantees over the status of the Russian language, as well as calling for early parliamentary elections. It also calls for a "buffer zone" on the Russia-Ukraine border to prevent the infiltration of Russian weapons and fighters", according to the Guardian.
21 June: Russian president Vladimir Putin welcomed the ceasefire and a 15-point plan made by his Ukrainian counterpart Petro Poroshenko.
"Putin “supports” Poroshenko’s decision for a “cease fire in the south-eastern Ukraine, and his pronounced intention to take some concrete steps for achieving peaceful settlement,” a statement published on the Kremlin website said on Saturday.
With that, the Russian President notes the 15-point peace plan suggested by Poroshenko on Friday “will not be viable and realistic… without practical actions aimed at the start of the negotiations process.”
Putin called on both Kiev and anti-government forces to “halt
any battle actions and sit down at the negotiating table", RT reports.
22 June: The ceasefire is under strain, and the fighting still went on Sunday, the media reported.
Russian president Putin said it was not clear whether artillery was used by the Ukrainian
army or the "so-called paramilitary of the right-wing forces" supporting
the government. He appeared to attach no blame to separatist forces, according to the Guardian.
23 June: Insurgents in eastern Ukraine accepted the ceasefire, that is declared until Friday 27 June.
24 June: Senior UN officials told the Security Council the situation in Ukraine remained deeply worrying. Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs Tayé-Brook Zerihoun briefed the Security Council on the situation in Ukraine, among others.
25 June: The Russian parliament upper house has granted President Vladimir Putin’s request and revoked an order authorizing military action in Ukraine should ethnic Russians come under threat.
26 June: "White House officials said they may now delay following the Russian parliament’s move, but the State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf conceded that the Kremlin’s policy appeared to be “two steps forward, one step back”, the Telegraph writes, while the EU prepares to sign an SAA with Ukraine the next day - on a day when the ceasefire expires.
29 June: Protesters and volunteers in Kiev demanded from president Poroshenko to end ceasefire and allow an offensive against the insurgents in the east of the country. The ceasefire officially ends June 30 at 19h GMT.
30 June: reiterated his commitment to protecting “Russian people” wherever they live."Germany and France have urged Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko to extend a ceasefire with pro-Russian separatists - due to end on Monday evening - for a second time." However, later in the day, Poroshenko declared the end of a ceasefire, saying "The decision not to continue the ceasefire is our answer to terrorists, militants and marauders," BBC reported.
2 July: Foreign Affairs ministers of Ukraine, France, Russia and Germany met in Berlin to discuss a new, sustainable, cease-fire agreement. Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko declared he is for putting a swift end to the insurrection (on 1 July). On the other hand, Russian president Vladimir Putin reiterated his support for Russian-speaking population, the New York Times reports.
5 July: Ukrainian authorities and military regained control over the city of Slavyansk which was under the control of the rebels since 6 April, the Guardian reported. Also, read this article explaining the reasons behind Russia's actions and lack of thereof in the situation in Ukraine.
6 July: The Ukrainian government said its forces had regained control over two other cities in the east of the country, Artemivsk and Druzhkivka - according to BBC. In Donetsk, a pro-Russian demonstrators held a rally.
7 July: Insurgents in the cities of Donetskk and Luhansk appear to "prepare for the last stand", and build barricades, the New York Times writes.
9 July: Some pundits talk write about a U-turn in Russia's policy toward the conflict in Ukraine - and what could be seen as "allowing victory to Kiev" (the Guardian). On the other hand, Russian philosopher and public intellectual Alexandar Dugin says that war with Ukraine is inevitable, talking to BBC.
11 July: Fighting between Ukrainian army and the armed rebels in the east of the country continues. According to reports, 23 troops killed.
14 July: "In comments made to Russia’s Kommersant newspaper, a Kremlin official said Moscow was considering striking back against Ukrainian forces in limited, “answering strikes.” One man was killed and two injured when shells fired in Ukraine struck a house near the Russian border town of Donetsk, in the Rostov region, on Sunday", writes the Telegraph.
Also, a Ukrainian transport airplane was shot down, with a rocket that probably came from the Russian territory according to the Ukrainian officials, the Washington Post reports. Also, Russian foreign minister Lavrov invited the OSCE observers to monitor the situation at the border.
16 July: EU and the United States strengthened their sanctions on Russia over its alleged support for the insurgents in Ukraine. "he US has targeted major banks including Gazprombank, defence firms and energy companies including Rosneft", while "the EU said it would announce details of its sanctions by the end of July, but added that its investment banks would no longer fund Russian projects", BBC reports.
17 July: A Malaysia Airlines flight MH 17 from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur with 298 passengers and crew shot down over eastern Ukraine. In this Guardian live feed you can follow all the updates.
21 July: The Security Council condemned "in the strongest terms" the downing of MA flight MH 17, and supported efforts to establish “a full, thorough and independent international investigation”, in a resolution that was unanimously adopted (2166).
Also, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) mission arrived to Ukraine a couple of days ago to "assist with fact-finding” and “to ensure that all evidence is thoroughly considered as the investigation seeks to determine how the aircraft and its 298 passengers and were tragically lost late last week,” ITAR-TASS reported.
24 July: Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced his resignation after two major political parties withdrew their support to the Government. Deputy Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman was appointed acting prime minister.
26 July: Government forces in the offensive toward Donetsk. The OSCE mission as well as Australian and Dutch unarmed policemen investigating the MH17 crash had to stop their efforts due to a heavy fighting in the area.
28 July: UN human rights commissioner Navi Pillay stated that the downing of the MH17 plane is a violation of international law which may constitute a war crime.
30 July: EU and the United States imposed new, harsher, sanctions on Russia. The new sanctions restrict sales of arms and of equipment for the oil industry, while Russian state banks are barred from raising money in Western capital markets, Reuters reported.
Here, you can see an official EU document on the sanctions.
4 August: According to Russian officials, more than 400 Ukrainian military personnel have laid down their weapons in the eastern regions and crossed over into Russia, requesting refugee status, Radio Free Europe reported.
5-6 August: Ukrainian forces advance toward Donetsk, where fighting takes place. On the other hand, Russian troops are reported to have been amassing near the border with Ukraine - a concern that was voiced by Polish Prime Minister Tusk and NATO commander Breedlove. Russian side called such statements "disinformation". President Putin on the other hand ordered trade restrictions on states which imposed sanctions on Russia (food and agriculture imports limited for a year).
9 August: Pro-Russian insurgents in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk asked for an unconditional ceasefire amid a heavy offensive by the government forces - an offer that was rejected in Kiev. Some reports suggested that Russia wanted to send a convoy with aid, an idea which was not welcomed by the Western leaders.
In the statement from Cameron’s office, the British government said Cameron and Obama “are absolutely clear that such a so-called humanitarian mission would be unjustified and illegal. There are already a number of international aid agencies providing appropriate assistance on the ground in eastern Ukraine, and they urge Russia to desist from such a move,” according to LA Times.
Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko "issued a statement late Saturday saying that Ukraine was prepared to accept humanitarian assistance in eastern Ukraine. But he said the aid must come in without military assistance, pass through border checkpoints under Ukrainian control and be an international mission," writes the Washington Post.
11 August: Russian authorities announced they would be sending the humanitarian aid to the eastern Ukrainian cities which are under the attack of the Ukrainian government forces, all under the aegis of the International Red Cross (ICRC). The Western leaders are concerned that the humanitarian aid may be a pretext for military intervention and warned Russia of that possibility, writes the Guardian.
12 August: Reports suggest that some 280 aid trucks have left Moscow for Ukraine.
"Andre Loersch, a spokesman for the International Committee of the Red Cross mission in Ukraine, said that while the organization had reached a general agreement about delivery of humanitarian aid to the region, he had "no information about the content" of the trucks and did not know where they were headed," AP reported.
14 August: Russian humanitarian convoy continued its way to Ukrainian border, media reported. The Associated Press reported Thursday that the convoy had resumed traveling toward Ukraine, taking the road leading south toward the rebel-held city of Luhansk.
17 August: Ukrainian armed forces regained control over the police station in a suburb of a rebel-controlled city of Lughansk.
On Sunday, the ministers of foreign affairs of Ukraine, France, Russia and Germany met in Berlin to discuss the solution to the crisis. Some progress has been made, it was reported.
Russian aid convoy reached the eastern border of Ukraine and is inspected by the Red Cross. According to the reports, the convoy contains aid only.
20 August: Ukrainian army is still pressing on the pro-Russian forces held areas in the eastern Ukraine. In the clashes, which have taken over 2,000 lives since April, today it was reported that the two Ukrainian aircraft have been shot down. Also, the convoy with the humanitarian aid from Russia is still waiting at the customs border with Ukraine.
22 August: More than 100 Russian trucks with aid started crossing into eastern Ukraine. Ukrainian authorities accused Russia of violating its border, while Russia's foreign ministry stated they ordered the convoy to move because "Kiev was deliberately halting the delivery", the WSJ reported.
25 August: Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko dissolved the parliament and called for early parliamentary elections in October.
26 August: Russian and Ukrainian presidents expected to meet at a summit in Minsk under the auspices of the Eurasian Union and talk about the crisis in Ukraine.
5 September: A short-lived cease-fire in the eastern Ukraine. Fighting continues despite the agreement.
12 September: New economic and financial sanctions imposed on Russia by the Western countries - in the banking and energy sectors.
14 September: NATO member states started delivering arms to Ukraine, UK defence minister said.
15 September: Ukrainian president Poroshenko offered some "major concessions" to the pro-Russian rebels such as amnesty and broad self-governance in the east of the country. Also, NATO member states commenced with military exercises in Ukraine, writes the Washington Post.
October 27: Insurgents in eastern Ukraine announced they will hold local elections in the regions of Donetsk, Lughansk on November 2nd. Such announcement criticized by the EU, UN.
November 2-3: "Alexander Zakharchenko, the incumbent "prime minister" of the self-declared Donetsk People's Republic, was named the head of the breakaway statelet after winning by a landslide in a controversial election, separatist officials said on Monday," the Telegraph writes. Zakharchenko won 79 percent of the vote, in an election that was condemned in Kiev and Brussels, while the results were endorsed in Moscow.
November 9: For several days there have been reports from the ground on alleged movement of some 40 unmarked tanks and military vehicles across the border of Ukraine to the rebel held eastern region of Donetsk. Russia denied claims that it is supplying the separatist rebels, while the EU's foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, called the latest reports "worrying", BBC reports.
For an overview of the situation after the November elections in the region of Donetsk, see this article by the Economist: Ukraine’s separatists: Shrinking country
November 12: Fighting between the pro-Russian forces and the Ukrainian army continue around Donetsk. Moscow and Kiev continue to trade accusations, while the truce of September 5 continues to be breached continuously.
November 16: The media statements of the Russian and US presidents Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama reflect the current state of the crisis in Ukraine, as the fighting between the insurgents and government forces continues in Donetsk - despite the cease fire that has been broken a number of times.
"It is true that there are certain settlements that the armed rebel formations should abandon, and they are not being abandoned," he said. But he blamed the Ukrainians for not holding up their end of the agreement and setting a bad example for the rebels to follow. "I'll say this bluntly: we're very concerned that the desire could arise to use ethnic cleansing. We're afraid about a drift toward neo-Nazism" in the region, Putin added in an interview Sunday, AP reports.
November 21: The Economist on the economy of Ukraine: "It is really that bad".
November 23: In a TV interview, Russian president Vladimir Putin said Russia would not allow to be isolated behind another "Iron Curtain". "We understand the fatality of an 'Iron Curtain' for us," Putin was quoted as saying. "We will not go down this path in any case and no one will build a wall around us. That is impossible!"
"You think it's over our position over east Ukraine or Crimea? Absolutely not! If it wasn't for that, they would have found a different reason. It has always been like that," Putin is quoted by Reuters.
November 27: The Ukrainian parliament voted Arseniy Yatsenyuk to remain the premier, and to head the new government in another term.
December 2: Ukraine's new government own the approval in the Parliament, and the president, Petro Poroshenko, and premier Arseniy Yatsenyuk will jointly pick the ministers. Some of the candidates chosen by Poroshenko are from abroad.
December 13: U.S. Senate voted the 350 million $ of aid in military hardware and munition to Ukraine. The bill is now sent to the House of Representatives for authorization. The so called Ukraine Freedom Support Act was condemned by Russia. The Russian MFA characterized the act as "openly confrontational nature" and "blackmail," VOA reports.
December 14: French and German leaders talked to Ukrainian president on Sunday, discussing the violations of ceasefire and a shaken Ukrainian economy.
January 5: "French President Francois Hollande says he wants Western sanctions on Russia to be lifted if progress is made in talks on the Ukraine conflict this month. He did not specify which sanctions - imposed by the EU, US and Canada - could be lifted. The sanctions began after Russia annexed Crimea in March," BBC reported. Next important meeting between leaders of Ukraine, Russia and the western states takes place in Astana on January 15.
January 18: Fighting over the Donetsk airport continued. Ukraine claims it controls the airport, while the separatists denied to have lost the control over this strategically important object. Russia and Ukraine at the same time claim they are committed to peace but still exchange accusations and blame the other side for the lack of will to compromise, the BRICS Post reports.
January 24: Pro-Russian rebels launched a rocket attack on the city of Mariupol, leaving at least 30 people dead and 97 wounded, the Guardian reported. The UN Secretary-General "strongly condemned" the attack and "urge[d] all concerned to redouble their efforts to revive the Minsk accords."
January 25: U.S. president Barack Obama said that his country is ready to increase the sanctions against Russia, and added “I will look at all additional options that are available to us short of military confrontation and try to address this issue,” according to the Financial Times.
January 27: Ukraine's Parliament voted a statement in which it terms Russia an "aggressor state" and the eastern breakaway provinces of Donetsk and Lughanks are labeled "terrorist organizations", according to the Voice of America.
January 31: Rebels took on the offensive on some smaller cities in Eastern Ukraine, such as Debaltseve (northeast of Donetsk), while Ukrainian authorities and the rebels continue to exchange accusations. Several dozens of civilians and soldiers were killed. On Saturday, the talks in Minsk between Russia, Ukraine and rebels collapsed due to the offensive around Donetsk, Wall Street Journal reports.
February 4: Various US officials advocate the cause of providing Ukraine's military with arms to fight the rebels in the east of the country, in the conflict that again intensified in the past 7 days. Ashton Carter, the nominee for the US secretary of defense "inclined" toward such a scenario, while John Mc Cain said "“we need to support the Ukrainians in defending themselves,” ABC writes. US vice-president Kerry visits Kiev on February 5.
February 5: '"Ukraine is at war. Heavy weapons are being used and civilians are being killed daily," Mr Hollande said at a news conference on Thursday. He said the new peace proposal was based on the "territorial integrity" of Ukraine, which could be "acceptable to all"'. Hollande is expected to talk to Putin on Friday, February 6 in order to present him the new plan, BBC reports.
February 8: "German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande, Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko and Russian President Vladimir Putin will get together on Wednesday in Minsk to discuss the Ukraine crisis," Euronews reports.
"The details of the Franco-German peace initiative have not been disclosed, though Francois Hollande said on Saturday the Franco-German peace initiative would feature a 50- to 70-kilometer demilitarized zone on each side of the current line dividing militia-held and Kiev-controlled territories.French President Hollande calls for broader autonomy for E.Ukraine," RT reports.February 11-12: Minsk peace talks
"The summit was held in neighboring Belarus under a Franco-German proposal to try to halt the fighting in eastern Ukraine. Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Francois Hollande joined Ukraine's Petro Poroshenko and Russia's Vladimir Putin for a longer-than-expected meeting that began early on Wednesday evening and continued well into Thursday morning," Reuters reports.
It is agreed that ceasefire starts on Saturday midnight, 15 February, it is written in the official document, BBC reports.
Hevy fighting continued by the deadline for the beginning of the ceasefire.
February 15: The ceasefire in eastern Ukraine goes on with some interruptions caused by the exchange of shelling by both Ukrainian army and pro-Russian rebels near the disputed town of Debaltseve whose status remain unresolved by peace negotiations, the New York Times writes.
February 18: Ukraine armed forces retreated from the encircled town of Debaltseve that is now controlled by pro-Russian forces. According to BBC, president Poroshenko said 80% of Ukraine's troops left on Wednesday after several days of intense fighting.
Later Wednesday, Poroshenko and the national security and defence council called for the deployment of UN peacekeepers who would monitor the ceasefire agreement, Reuters reports.
February 22: "An explosion killed two people at a memorial rally in an eastern city far from the front line. Kiev said it arrested four people who had been armed and trained in Russia after the blast, which killed a policeman and a demonstrator at the rally in Kharkiv, " Reuters reports. The memorial services and marches were organized to commemorate the victims of the uprising that happened a year ago.
February 24: The United Kingdom announced it will be sending 75 military advisers to Ukraine.
"The prime minister [Cameron] revealed he was sending as many as 75 military trainers to Ukraine to cover logistics, intelligence, medical aid and infantry training. The bulk of the training would take place in western Ukraine, away from the front line, " the Guardian writes.
February 26: "The Russian president said Ukraine's lack of "financial discipline" could cause energy shortages across the continent - a reference to the fact that Russia supplies about 30 percent of the EU's gas needs, half of that via Ukraine. He accused Kiev of threatening to cut off gas to separatist regions in the east of the country, an act which he said "smells of genocide". Kiev has responded by accusing Russia of failing to meet its contractual obligations under the EU-brokered deal," Reuters
March 2: The latest UN report on the conflict in Ukraine states that at least 842 people dead were killed and over 3,400 wounded, with hundreds missing and many buried without their deaths being recorded, writes the New York Times.
March 4: "International observers [from OSCE] said Wednesday that fighting between government forces and Russia-backed militants continued to subside but they haven’t been able to verify the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front lines," writes the Wall Street Journal.
March 5: According to the OSCE, there is no violence in the Lughansk region.
March 10: The United States sent "hundreds of military vehicles in the Baltic states and are to stay in Europe, in a mission to reassure Nato allies unsettled by Russia's actions in Ukraine," BBC reports.
"Russia has announced it will suspend its participation in the Joint Consultative Group (JCG) on the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe as of March 11, " reports Radio Free Europe.
March 11: "The IMF board on Wednesday approved a loan of $17.5 billion, with the bulk of the money heading out the door fast: $5 billion likely by the end of this week and another $5 billion in coming months, IMF officials said," according to Reuters.
Also, the United States announced the increase in "non-lethal" military assistance to Ukraine in the amount of $75m including vehicles and surveillance drones, writes the Telegraph.
March 15: In a documentary that was aired on a Russian television one year after the referendum in Crimea, Russian president Vladimir Putin talks on the situation in Ukraine. As the Telegraph writes, Putin has said "Russia was so fearful of attack at the height of the Ukraine crisis that it was preparing to arm its nuclear weapons, in extraordinary claims aired on state TV on Sunday night."
March 19: EU leaders agreed that the economic sanctions against Russia remain in place until a peace agreement with Ukraine is implemented fully. Any further steps to extend the reach of the sanctions would be discussed at an EU summit in June, Reuters reports.
March 21: "Russia appealed to Germany and France on Saturday to ensure Kiev does not try to incite violence in east Ukraine to encourage the United States to send Ukrainian forces lethal weapons," Reuters reported. In a TV interview, the Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov stated that: 'Provocateurs in Kiev ... could try to 'whip something up' in the expectation that this will influence the world public and weapons will flow into Ukraine,' while opposing an idea to send UN peackeeping forces in the east of Ukraine.
March 25: 'For “the time being, I can see no better alternative than to try to ensure that the Minsk agreement is fully implemented,” Stoltenberg said in an interview. While “there is a long way to go,” he added, “at least the cease-fire has provided us with substantially less fighting. . . . It’s a fragile cease-fire, but it is a cease-fire,”' the Washington Post cites an interview with the NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg who commented on the present state of the cease-fire in Ukraine.
May 6: Ukrainian president Poroshenko warns of a worsening security situation, while peace envoys in Minsk negotiations remain more hopeful, Reuters reports. According to the Ukrainian officials, around 40,000 separatist forces are in the east of the country, and 50,000 Russian forces across the border.
June 30: Ukraine's state energy company Naftogaz announced it won't continue buying gas from Russia'a Gazprom, but will continue transporting gas to other European countries. "Since the additional agreement between Naftogaz and Gazprom is expiring on 30 June, and the terms of further Russian gas deliveries to Ukraine were not agreed at today's trilateral talks in Vienna, Naftogaz is suspending purchases from the Russian company," BBC reports.
July 1: Gazprom decided to cut-off gas supplies to Ukraine for July, as the company CEO told that "Gazprom won't deliver gas to Ukraine at any price without prepayment," the second time since June 2014.
July 12: "Right Sector", the group of right wing paramilitaries fired at the police at the town of Mukachevo in western part of Ukraine, wounding at least seven people. The group said they could deploy soldiers to the capital, Kiev, if the standoff was not settled peacefully, writes the New York Times.
July 15: Eight Ukrainian soldiers, two rebel fighters and one civilian were reported killed in clashes in Eastern Ukraine. "The latest events are proof of yet another attempt by Russia and its puppet to wreck the Minsk agreement and restart active military hostilities," the Ukrainian Security Council said. The insurgents said on their main website that the number of Ukrainian attacks had more than doubled to 85 from the 35 recorded Tuesday [AFP]