The world has changed dramatically since the establishment of the United Nations after the end of the Second World War and today UN stands in front of challenges that had never been faced before: infectious diseases; terrorist groups that control large areas of the UN member countries and whose influence is still spreading; the Millennium Development Goals fixed for 2015, eight objectives to reduce poverty and hunger, enhance sanitation, women empowerment and education, guarantee equal right for the six-billiard world population, haven’t been accomplished. These few examples are the mean reason of the increasing mistrust among people nowadays, as the aims of UN announced in the Preamble to their Chart seem to be getting further and further away. The question which often arises is “Do we still have to believe in the United Nations?”.
“What in reality emerges looking up at today’s world is interesting: the mission of avoidance of war that the United Nations took up in 1945 does not become obsolete even in the present, as the nature of wars has just altered in response to changing circumstances. The space for action is a constant expectation, not reduced to certain phases of ultimate crisis, as it had been previously.
The United Nations today expands its area of focus to issues that affect individuals and communities each day, beginning fromhumanitarian aid,environmental preservation,concern over statelessness and refugee protection. For such issues of concern, international cooperation transcending beyond national boundaries become a pre-requisite; to address the inadequate scope of individual governments in tackling the same.”
Despite United Nations’ involvement in promoting a wide variety of urgent issues, the organization, as previously mentioned, has to respond to new requirements and expectations of the world community, both evolving in a changing world. The motivational purpose which guided the creation of the United Nations back in 1945 doesn’t adapt in the present day . For example, the existing institutional setup and provision for veto power to the permanent five members of the Security Council, among others, have been called upon to bereformed. “This is precisely because the initial purpose to allocate such an expression of command was placed in accordance to the prevailing circumstances of instability – from political tensions, to the very idea of formation of the United Nations after thedisappointing collapse of the League of Nations. “ However, gradual developments – from emergence of new states, new democratic setups, population rise and enhanced diversity among nations of Africa and Asia have not been represented adequately in this organisation, according to African and Asian leaders. Calls have been made by many countries for U.N. reform since the late 1990s. No consensus, however, has been reached yet among its member countries.
Apart from all the challenges, how the ex-President of Mexico Ernesto Zedillo sustains, we have to continue believing in a system of collective responsibility, whose aim is the pursue of peace and security for both the strong and the weak countries of the world. He affirms, quoting as examples terrorists and other transnational criminals as well as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, that we know that today's security threats are very different from traditional intercountry conflicts. However, these constitute perils that no country, regardless of its economic or military power, can defeat alone. Cooperative and collective action is required.